Professional Publisher (Very Large)
|Owner||Verlagsgruppe Georg von Holtzbrinck and BC Partners. Springer Nature’s open access publishing comprises the BioMed Central, Nature Research, Palgrave Macmillan and Springer imprints.|
|Address||UK: 4 Crinan Street, London, N1 9XW, United Kingdom
Germany: Heidelberger Platz 3, 14197 Berlin, Germany
• BioMed Central copyright and licensing
• Nature Research and Palgrave Macmillan OA journals copyright and licensing
• Springer Open copyright and licensing
• Palgrave Macmillan OA books copyright and licensing
|Copyright policy||• All BioMed Central, Springer Open, and Palgrave Open open access journals and books, and all owned Nature Research open access journals, use the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License by default, to support maximum dissemination and re-use.
• Copyright in any open access article or book published by Springer Nature is retained by the author(s). Authors grant Springer Nature a license to publish the article and identify the appropriate imprint as the original publisher.
• Supplementary data published in BioMed Central journals and metadata in Scientific Data’s Data Descriptors is made available under the CC0 waiver to promote maximum reuse.
|Complaint policy||Complaints are handled on a case-by-case basis.
Authors who wish to appeal a rejection or make a complaint should, in the first instance, contact the journal or book editor. General complaints can be directed to the central customer services teams at the addresses above.
|Publication charge link||Journals
• BioMed Central APC information
• Nature Research APC information
• Palgrave Macmillan APC information
• Springer Open APC information
• Palgrave Macmillan OA book publication charges
|Publication charge policy||As costs are involved in every stage of the publication process, from peer-review to copy editing and hosting the final article on dedicated servers, authors are asked to pay an article processing charge (APC) or book processing charge (BPC) in order for their article or book to be published open access under a Creative Commons licence.
Authors publishing in fully open access journals are asked to confirm on submission that they agree to pay the APC, and the APC is payable if and when an article is editorially accepted. In some BioMed Central and Springer Open journals, the APCs are fully or in part covered by a sponsoring organization.
BioMed Central and Springer Open additionally offer an Open Access Membership Programme which enables institutions, societies and funders to actively support open access by removing some or all of the publication cost from their individual researchers.
When publishing in fully open access journals, authors in low-income countries publishing in fully-open access journals receive automatic APC waivers. In addition, discretionary waivers and /or discounts are considered on a case-by-case basis, and may be granted in cases of financial need.
• Nature Research / Palgrave Macmillan waiver information
• Biomed Central / Springer Open waiver information
At some institutions, open access fees in hybrid (Springer Open Choice) journals are covered by Springer Compact agreements.
Authors publishing OA books are asked to pay a BPC following final acceptance of their manuscript for publication and prior to publication of their book.
|OA journals||560+ fully OA journals
1,600+ hybrid journals
For current lists of open access journals by imprint please visit the links below
• BioMed Central journal list • Nature Research OA journal list • Palgrave Macmillan OA journal list • Springer Open journal list
|OA articles||Approximately 60,000 in 2015, across Springer Nature.|
|OA books||140+ since 2012, under the Springer and Palgrave Macmillan imprints.
• About Palgrave Open books
• About Springer Open books
|Initiatives||Open access publishing models and policies have been at the heart of the business development and strategic thinking of the constituent imprints of Springer Nature throughout the last decade and a half. BioMed Central was the first open access publisher, and both Springer and Nature Research have consistently been early movers in embracing OA as a natural consequence of new technologies.
• Our Open Access in the Developing World site is an information platform for all open access developments in lower-income countries. The site details BioMed Central’s developing world initiatives, which look to increase the visibility and output of scientific research from across Africa and the wider developing world.
• Foundation Membership is an initiative from BioMed Central that enables institutions in developing countries to demonstrate their commitment and support for open access publishing and offers a range of benefits for participating members.
• Springer Compact is a pilot from Springer that combines open access publishing in hybrid journals and subscription access in one annual fee. Four pilot agreements are currently running.
• Springer Nature’s Open Access Support Service provides free, personal advice to authors about discovering and applying for APC funding and complying with funders’ and institutions’ open access policies.
|Peer review process||Peer review processes vary by journal; please consult individual journal websites for details.
• BioMed Central peer review • Springer Open peer review • Nature journals peer review
|Peer review policy||All journal articles and books published by Springer Nature are peer reviewed, including all open access content, and peer review plays an important role as part of our quality assurance.
Authors publishing in hybrid journals are not asked to confirm whether they would like to publish their article open access until after it has been accepted, and all submitted articles go through the same rigorous process of editorial consideration and peer review.
There is some variation in the peer-review process depending on the journal and academic field. For example:
• At some journals, including Nature Communications, the peer-review process is run by professional editors who are based in-house.
• Some titles, including all the medical titles in the BMC series journals, ask reviewers to sign their reviews, and the pre-publication history of each paper (submitted versions, reviewer’ reports, authors’ responses) is posted on the web with the published article.
• Journals operating closed peer review may use single- or double-blind peer review; typically this varies according to the convention for their academic field.